Antarctica and the Arctic The Complete Encyclopedia Antarctica has not always been a place of ice and snow Once part of the supercontinent of Gondwanaland it is believed to have enjoyed a warmer climate in which plants and land animals thrived However
Antarctica The name Antarctica is the romanised version of the Greek compound word antarktik , feminine of antarktiks , meaning opposite to the Arctic, opposite to the north. Australian Antarctic Division Australia in Antarctica Cool Australian Antarctic Division news about scientific research, stations bases , expeditioners, wildlife, ships, the environment and jobs in Antarctica. Mastercard A World Beyond Cash Leader in Global Envisioning a World Beyond Cash From major cities to emerging markets, Mastercard is providing the technology that powers the way people pay Antarctica Is Melting Three Times as Fast as a Decade Jun , Between and percent of the world s fresh water is frozen in the ice sheets of Antarctica, a continent roughly the size of MSD Animal Health About Us Portal to international sites of MSD Animal Health, a leading animal health company, dedicated to research and development, production and marketing o Scientists nearly double sea level rise projections for Jul , Sea level rise on the scale seen in those eras likely required a loss of ice not just from Greenland, but also from Antarctica But previous computer models of Antarctica have failed to accurately reproduce such scenarios. Operation Highjump and The UFO Connection A Secret U.S Post Office operated in Antarctica causing speculation about the real reason behind two concurrent U.S expeditions Index HPE Certification and Learning Voucher Store Welcome to the new HPE Voucher Store We have updated the design of the site, but you ll still find the same products and customer service Learn about changes to Scientists lay out how to save a melting Antarctica Jun , Sea levels will rise and all coastal countries could be seriously threatened by flooding if nothing is done to stop the massive melt of sea ice in Antarctica, according to nine award winning scientists who have spent decades studying the icy continent and the waters around it. Penguin Watch We now monitor over sites We need your help than ever to help monitor penguins, click get started If you are a school or educational institution and would like to receive one of our Penguin Watch information packs, please email schools penguinwatch
Title: Antarctica and the Arctic: The Complete Encyclopedia
Author: David McGonigal Lynn Woodworth
Antarctica has not always been a place of ice and snow Once part of the supercontinent of Gondwanaland, it is believed to have enjoyed a warmer climate in which plants and land animals thrived However, nowadays less than one percent of the surface is ice free, and at bedrock level the ice can be up to a million or years old In comparison, the Arctic consists entireAntarctica has not always been a place of ice and snow Once part of the supercontinent of Gondwanaland, it is believed to have enjoyed a warmer climate in which plants and land animals thrived However, nowadays less than one percent of the surface is ice free, and at bedrock level the ice can be up to a million or years old In comparison, the Arctic consists entirely of pack ice which breaks into ice floes in summer and floats on the Arctic Ocean.While the ice gives rise to spectacular scenery, both on land and sea, these regions also have an astonishing variety of wildlife The two Poles have few common species apart from some birds and whales but many unique endemic ones polar bears, walruses and puffins in the north, penguins and elephant seals in the south.The content will cover the following topics, among others Geography and geology Climate and weather Ice, icebergs, glaciers and land formations History and exploration Wildlife and flora how unique life has evolved in a very harsh environment Polar science the scientists who live and work in Antarctica, the research bases Icebreaker shipping and tourism Politics and treaties and the interested parties, including the 1988 Minerals Convention The people of the Arctic Conservation and the future specific Polar issues, such as melting of the ice caps and ozone depletion Both regions have long been associated with tales of great heroism in their exploration, and here too there are common links Roald Amundsen was first to the South Pole and died in a rescue in the north at that time his ship, the Fram, had been furthest south and furthest north Frederic Cook, who lodged a false claim to being first to the North Pole, was the first to winter over in Antarctica, as part of a Belgian expedition Nowadays, tourists can visit in cruise ships and see the almost impossible task the explorers set themselves.Both areas are of concern ecologically For several years there has been a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica one is now opening over the Arctic Circle Ecologists watch both Antarctica and the Arctic for any signs of change that may have implications for the planet as a whole They join scientists from all over the world conducting research in these unique conditions.With interesting and authoritative text written by a team of international experts, accompanied by over a thousand superb photographs, this book will fascinate all with an interest in the Poles and their wildlife.