Giovanni Gentile: Philosopher of Fascism

Giovanni Gentile Philosopher of Fascism The recent rise in Europe of extreme right wing political parties along with outbreaks of violent nationalist fervor in the former communist bloc has occasioned much speculation on a possible resurgen

  • Title: Giovanni Gentile: Philosopher of Fascism
  • Author: A. James Gregor
  • ISBN: 9780765805935
  • Page: 167
  • Format: Paperback
  • The recent rise in Europe of extreme right wing political parties along with outbreaks of violent nationalist fervor in the former communist bloc has occasioned much speculation on a possible resurgence of fascism At the polemical level, fascism has become a generic term applied to virtually any form of real or potential violence, while among Marxist and left wing scholarThe recent rise in Europe of extreme right wing political parties along with outbreaks of violent nationalist fervor in the former communist bloc has occasioned much speculation on a possible resurgence of fascism At the polemical level, fascism has become a generic term applied to virtually any form of real or potential violence, while among Marxist and left wing scholars discredited interpretations of fascism as a product of late capitalism are revived Empty of cognitive significance, these formulas disregard the historical and philosophical roots of fascism as it arose in Italy and spread throughout Europe In Giovanni Gentile Philosopher of Fascism, A James Gregor returns to those roots by examining the thought of Italian Fascism s major theorist.In Gregor s reading of Gentile, fascism was and remains an anti democratic reaction to what were seen to be the domination by advanced industrial democracies of less developed or status deprived communities and nations languishing on the margins of the Great Powers Sketching in the political background of late nineteenth century Italy, industrially backward and only recently unified, Gregor shows how Gentile supplied fascism its justificatory rationale as a developmental dictatorship Gentile s Actualism as his philosophy came to be identified absorbed many intellectual currents of the early twentieth century including nationalism, syndicalism, and futurism and united them in a dynamic rebellion against new perceived hegemonic impostures of imperialism The individual was called to an idealistic ethic of obedience, work, self sacrifice, and national community As Gregor demonstrates, it was a paradigm of what we can expect in the twenty first century s response, on the part of marginal nations, to the globalization of the industrialized democracies Gregor cites post Maoist China, nationalist Russia, Africa, and the Balkans at the development stage from which fascism could grow.The first book length analysis in English of Gentile s thought in over thirty years, this volume is valuable not only as a work of historical scholarship but as a timely warning While Marxism Leninism has passed into history, fascism may yet reemerge as an external threat to democratic nations.

    One thought on “Giovanni Gentile: Philosopher of Fascism”

    1. This short little book on the primary Fascist theorist and ideologue, Giovanni Gentile ( -- who comes, like Croce and Stefanini, out of the Subjectivist school of Italian idealism), is a tour du force, and I recommend it highly to anyone interested in the subject of Fascist thought.This book contains a fascinating (and largely correct) analysis of the metaphysical foundations of Marxism -- especially of Marx -- which Gregor rightly understood to be connected not with the mechanistic traditions o [...]

    2. The fundamental study of one of the most important and original philosophers of fascism -- this book is short, and also contains an important study of the metaphysical foundations of Marxism which is, in my opinion, correct in all but one of its particulars.

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