Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army's Way of War

Fighting to the End The Pakistan Army s Way of War Since Pakistan was founded in its army has dominated the state The military establishment has locked the country in an enduring rivalry with India with the primary aim of wresting Kashmir from

  • Title: Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army's Way of War
  • Author: C. Christine Fair
  • ISBN: 9780199892709
  • Page: 351
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Since Pakistan was founded in 1947, its army has dominated the state The military establishment has locked the country in an enduring rivalry with India, with the primary aim of wresting Kashmir from it To that end, Pakistan initiated three wars over Kashmir in 1947, 1965, and 1999 and failed to win any of them Today, the army continues to prosecute this dangerous policSince Pakistan was founded in 1947, its army has dominated the state The military establishment has locked the country in an enduring rivalry with India, with the primary aim of wresting Kashmir from it To that end, Pakistan initiated three wars over Kashmir in 1947, 1965, and 1999 and failed to win any of them Today, the army continues to prosecute this dangerous policy by employing non state actors under the security of its ever expanding nuclear umbrella It has sustained a proxy war in Kashmir since 1989 using Islamist militants, as well as supporting non Islamist insurgencies throughout India and a country wide Islamist terror campaign that have brought the two countries to the brink of war on several occasions In addition to these territorial revisionist goals, the Pakistani army has committed itself to resisting India s slow but inevitable rise on the global stage.Despite Pakistan s efforts to coerce India, it has achieved only modest successes at best Even though India vivisected Pakistan in 1971, Pakistan continues to see itself as India s equal and demands the world do the same The dangerous methods that the army uses to enforce this self perception have brought international opprobrium upon Pakistan and its army And in recent years, their erstwhile proxies have turned their guns on the Pakistani state itself.Why does the army persist in pursuing these revisionist policies that have come to imperil the very viability of the state itself, from which the army feeds In Fighting to the End, C Christine Fair argues that the answer lies, at least partially, in the strategic culture of the army Through an unprecedented analysis of decades worth of the army s own defense publications, she concludes that from the army s distorted view of history, it is victorious as long as it can resist India s purported drive for regional hegemony as well as the territorial status quo Simply put, acquiescence means defeat Fighting to the End convincingly shows that because the army is unlikely to abandon these preferences, Pakistan will remain a destabilizing force in world politics for the foreseeable future.

    One thought on “Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army's Way of War”

    1. A thorough and very well documented exposition of the Pakistan army's dominant strategic culture. I think she may slightly exaggerate the unanimity of this consensus. In actual fact the majority of officers are probably thinking far more about their plots and post-army jobs than about the strategic needs of Pakistan, but those who think they are thinking are indeed thinking exactly this. Her conclusions seem unimpeachable: the army will not reform in return for X or Y amount of money or even min [...]

    2. Although written by an academic I found the arguments both compelling and intriguing. This book is an academic study of Pakistan army's view of the state of Pakistan and it's self appointed role as the defender of not only the boundaries but also of it's Islamic based ideology. Since Pakistan Army controls the state of Pakistan, it uses the state resources for its own corporate and institutional ends. Therefore as much as the state of Pakistan relies on its army, the Army also relies on the stat [...]

    3. Let me sum this book up for you: "Pakistan started all wars, Pakistan lost all wars, Pakistan is sending militants to every corner of the world, Pakistan was never sincere in defeating the Soviets, Pakistan's military are jihadists with a myopic goal of toppling India."It seems that Christine Fair has only recently wised up to the opportunity to sell lots of books in India, the world's third largest book market expected to become the largest in less than 10 years. It appears that strong profit m [...]

    4. Nope, sorry, I can't do it. Beyond the repetition and endless citation of previous works - to the extent they crowd out the original thesis here, which seems potentially interesting - it is an absolutely maddening experience trying to read a book-length work featuring inline citations and explicative footnotes.Perhaps the fault in this instance lies with the Oxford University Press (or my own pedantry), but regardless, it makes for a highly unpleasant reading experience. No opportunity to engage [...]

    5. A well researched and scholarly work on Pakistan army's strategic culture, its ideological standpoint and how they influence its domestic and foreign policies. Shows the deep-rooted convictions and contradictions of the Pakistani State and the army.Pakistan is an ideological Islamic state born out of a schism in the old Indo-Islamic civilisation of India. The idea of Pakistan grew out of a Muslim revivalist and nationalist atmosphere in the 19th century among the Urdu speaking elite in north Ind [...]

    6. This is a must read book for international affairs aficionados, political analysts, or even a general reader with a keen interest in gaining a deeper understanding of a flawed nation state. Although the book heavily focusses on the Pakistan's army strategic culture and how it influences both its domestic and foreign policies, it also sheds light on what is wrong with today's Pakistan and reaffirms 'the insecurity, fear and loathing in Islamabad', the constant antagonistic attitude towards India [...]

    7. In this thoughtful survey of Pakistan's strategic culture, Professor Fair demonstrates that county's legitimate security concerns, but also that they are married to a revisionist anti-Indian and Islamo-nationalistic ideology. This world view permeates not only the armed forces but civil society as well, creating a nation that seems to be permanently at war which, in turn, allows the paramountcy of the army in Pakistan which, in fairness, is one of the very few competent and uncorrupted organizat [...]

    8. Indispensable insofar as it authoritatively makes a very specific, very important point backed up by evidence and faultless reasoning: viz that Pakistan's ideological commitment to a monomaniacally anti-Indian orientation is its raison d'etre, overrides all other priorities, is fundamentally detached from reality, and isn't going anywhere. Can't make the case for this as great writing or particularly essential for a general audience -- it's basically an academic article, with all the turgid pros [...]

    9. A well researched and documented book which gives you an insight into the workings of the Pakistani state and why over the years it has become the Epicentre of all that is wrong with this world. A must read for anyone who is interested in the Indian Subcontinent.

    10. this book says the reality of pakistan government and its Inter-agency service. i really liked this book. i am still reading to the end.

    11. Christine has done well. Taking off from Hussain Haqqani's Between Mosque and Military, Christine goes on to highlight the faultlines within the Pak establishment and society. She goes on to explain in great detail how those faultlines were created and exploited by successive regimes and military chiefs to enhance personal gains and those of the entities they represented. A must read for people who want to understand how Pak came to be a 'jehadi terrorist' nation that it has become. Kudos!!

    12. The text book like approach of the author is what makes this read special. It was an eye opener in terms of the baggage both countries have been carrying since independence that have now become a point of contention between the two.

    13. Having watched several videos of Christine Fair, it is pretty much evident what this book would have contained was a comprehensive history and understanding of Pakistan’s Army. The book hits the topic right at the core. There have been various publications from various sources but most have tried to rely on factual data, old book references and several understanding that authors have developed over the course of research. However Fair puts her research on the army journals of Pakistan and elab [...]

    14. Carol Christine Fair, SB'91, AM'97, AM'97, PhD'04AuthorFrom the author: "Since Pakistan was founded in 1947, its army has dominated the state. The military establishment has locked the country in an enduring rivalry with India, with the primary aim of wresting Kashmir from it. To that end, Pakistan initiated three wars over Kashmir-in 1947, 1965, and 1999-and failed to win any of them. Today, the army continues to prosecute this dangerous policy by employing non-state actors under the security o [...]

    15. Pakistan's identity rooted in Islam and crippling insecurity wrt to India from its inception further fanned by its Army has locked India and Pakistan in an everlasting struggle in Kashmir. With Nuclear capabilities ruling out an all out war, the increased low-intensity conflicts since Kargil are the norm now and here to stay.Few possible way to end:1) Democratic government in Pakistan which is able to wrestle power back from Army and have more modern outlook and prioritizes development. This is [...]

    16. This book is a serious research work, which at the same time is an easy read too. Christine Fair has taken a lot of pain to delve into the psyche of the Pakistani soldier, and the philosophy of Islam that has been so effectively used in bolstering up a facade of impregnability to the Organisation. Sadly, it seems that the Pakistani state and the Army in particular do not seem to see the writing on the wall, in that the mindless hatred for its eastern neighbor, and all the proxy wars unleashed ag [...]

    17. This book is a definite scholastic account of Pakistani Army's way of life, and by an unfortunate but nonetheless accurate extension Pakistani civilian way of life. I am an Indian living in a state which is at Pakistani border, so I have often tried to explain myself why they behave like they do. Why Pakistani's won't live in peace and let us be, why they have to attack every now and than only to be repelled back.We Indian's didn't asked for Kargil or parliament attack or Mumbai attack or 65 war [...]

    18. A very rational position is explained with utmost clarity, thanks to the background of the author. What is almost lovable is that the book is general enough to be understood by a not-from-political-science audience and yet rigorous and scholarly enough to give credibility to the claims. Most importantly, rather than deducing based on what the "boys" say for themselves in public space, the book takes more nuanced approach of what the army actually does and what its generals say in their own army [...]

    19. This book is a seminal work on the Pakistan Army and indeed on the whole conundrum of Pakistan. The book is based on extensive first hand research and the author is clearly comfortable with the Indian subcontinent, its people and their ways of thinking. Dr. Fair is by all accounts one of the foremost specialists in the field of Pakistan studies today. Her analysis may not appeal to a section of Pakistanis (especially the ISI and their apologists) but she is balanced and nuanced in her analysis. [...]

    20. This was my 1st book on India-Pakistan narrative. I loved the objective (thesis like) way of Prof. Dr. Fair's analysis and conclusion. I learnt a lot about from this book about my own country's history with Pakistan. I would recommend this book to every person who wants to understand the nature and behavior of Pakistan as a state. I would also highly recommend this book to every Pakistani and Indian who has not read this book because it will change the way they think about each other and help un [...]

    21. Dr. Fair provides impeccable logic based on history, traditions and the inside mentality in the Pakistan Army. Her description about events, apparent and not so apparent reasons and their consequences and the buildup of the Army's mentality due to the consequences of their actions are impeccable. What was more interesting to me personally is the description about the absolute power that the army has created for itself and the way it controls the civilian society in Pakistan. She presents a very [...]

    22. A must read for those who are affected by terror . Even though contents and material are purely analysed from a military strategy perspective, the interpretation and conclusions drawn are written in lucid and succinct fashion even a layman can understand. I found the writing racy and easy to read.Overall a must for all those affected by global terrorism and those who seek to understand why the non state terror outfits nurtured by a nation state.

    23. Read it for the facts and unabashed description of Pak Army by an American. Professor Fair doesn't mince any words, divulging details from secretive Green books . Says things that have seldom been said. PS: Gets a bit repetitive at times.

    24. A cumbersome read (Definitely written by a research scholar / academician, not a book writer) yet superb. The Author presents a comprehensive & compelling picture of what Pakistan is today (backed by painstaking research) & the stark reality that the world needs to face. A must read for all.

    25. An institution besotted by corrosive pathologies holds a nation, continent, and the world in its special not-so-little ways ransom. A must read for any political hack.

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