How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed

How to Create a Mind The Secret of Human Thought Revealed The bold futurist and bestselling author explores the limitless potential of reverse engineering the human brainRay Kurzweil is arguably today s most influential and often controversial futurist In Ho

  • Title: How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed
  • Author: Ray Kurzweil
  • ISBN: 9780670025299
  • Page: 336
  • Format: Hardcover
  • The bold futurist and bestselling author explores the limitless potential of reverse engineering the human brainRay Kurzweil is arguably today s most influential and often controversial futurist In How to Create a Mind, Kurzweil presents a provocative exploration of the most important project in human machine civilization reverse engineering the brain to understand precisThe bold futurist and bestselling author explores the limitless potential of reverse engineering the human brainRay Kurzweil is arguably today s most influential and often controversial futurist In How to Create a Mind, Kurzweil presents a provocative exploration of the most important project in human machine civilization reverse engineering the brain to understand precisely how it works and using that knowledge to create even intelligent machines.Kurzweil discusses how the brain functions, how the mind emerges from the brain, and the implications of vastly increasing the powers of our intelligence in addressing the world s problems He thoughtfully examines emotional and moral intelligence and the origins of consciousness and envisions the radical possibilities of our merging with the intelligent technology we are creating.Certain to be one of the most widely discussed and debated science books of the year, How to Create a Mind is sure to take its place alongside Kurzweil s previous classics which include Fantastic Voyage Live Long Enough to Live Forever and The Age of Spiritual Machines.

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    1. How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed by Ray Kurzweil “How to Create a Mind" is a very interesting book that presents the pattern recognition theory of mind (PRTM), which describes the basic algorithm of the neocortex (the region of the brain responsible for perception, memory, and critical thinking). It is the author’s contention that the brain can be reverse engineered due to the power of its simplicity and such knowledge would allow us to create true artificial intell [...]

    2. I saw this book while browsing around in a local book store and the title really caught my eye. Kurzweil was a name I already knew and there were good reviews from some very well known people printed on the back - I bought it. However, after just the first few chapters I was beginning to get the feeling I wasted my $25, and nearer towards the end I felt that I wasted my time as well. By the end of the book I felt that it was a real waste of the paper it was printed on.Kurzweil started off by giv [...]

    3. Pompous and vague.First half of the book: it appears that we can model the brain with hierarchical hidden Markov models better than we can with neural nets. Some back of the envelope calculations show that Hidden Markov models may contribute to the functioning of the brain. Second half of the book: vague and amateur stumbling through a smattering of topics in neuroscience philosophy, such as identity, free will, and consciousness. Kurzweil likes to frequently mention all of the contributions tha [...]

    4. If you don’t know much about the current state of artificial intelligence, brain science, or the philosophy of consciousness, and don’t mind a little bit of technical discussion, Kurzweil does a fine job of articulating the current rapid converge between these areas of understanding. However, if you already do know the basics, this book probably isn’t going to do much to expand your own consciousness.Speaking as a software engineer who has a fascination with AI, I largely agree with Kurzwe [...]

    5. Well, I am simply in love with Kurzweil. How could I not be? This was one of the best books on Philosophy of Mind that I could imagine reading. Early on in the book, Kurzweil respectlfully disagreed with Steven Pinker, and imo, setting himself apart from the good genes crew (Dawkins et. al.). He went on to take his lucky reader on a tour of the future of the mind, teaching them about everything that has been done to date to try to create a mind. In 2008, I took a cognitive science class that fea [...]

    6. *A full executive summary of this book is available here: newbooksinbrief/2012/11/27When IBM's Deep Blue defeated humanity's greatest chess player Garry Kasparov in 1997 it marked a major turning point in the progress of artificial intelligence (AI). A still more impressive turning point in AI was achieved in 2011 when another creation of IBM named Watson defeated Jeopardy! phenoms Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter at their own game. As time marches on and technology advances we can easily envision s [...]

    7. Kurzweil's book offers an overview of the biological brain and briefly overviews some attempts toward replicating its structure or function inside the computer. He also offers his own high-level ideas that are mostly a restatement of what can already be found in other books (such as Hawkins' On Intelligence) with a few modifications (he admits this himself though at one point, for which he gets bonus points). Finally, he applies his Law Of Accelerating Returns (LOAR) to field of AI and produces [...]

    8. I'm just going to warn everyone at the offset: this book triggered my grumpy, cane-waving, "you kids get off my lawn" reflexes pretty hardcore. So, buckle up.If you ever need a really clear example of how intelligence and wisdom are not the same thing, this book is a great place to get started. I don't for an instant doubt that Ray Kurzweil is a very, very smart guy. (Almost certainly smarter than I am.) The problem is that, like quite a lot of people who have had a super-abundance of success--a [...]

    9. Very interesting look at how to create a mind. One of the most fascinating and real world experiences I now better understand is how the Dragon Speech to text engine was created. In the last couple of years, I have been working with dictation applications and the struggles we have had with the tool. You often hear why doesn't it understand what I'm saying. Listening to this book, I now understand how the fundamentals of recognition were constructed and why folks may be struggling. Very interesti [...]

    10. Beyond some spurious dialog of computer modeling, the book is cleanly written and well-argued. The chapter on consciousness offers an amazing discussion of how a computer can (or can’t) replicate a human mind. The author finishes by taking on objections to his ideas. Highly recommended.While the brain has been considered by many to be beyond the scope of comprehension, history is replete with claims of what couldn’t be done. How to Create a Mind offers a thoroughly supported argument for the [...]

    11. Um tanto repetitivo no começo, mas com um ótimo desenvolvimento. A perspectiva do Kurzweil é bem diferente da maioria dos escritores e atendeu bastante o que eu procurava. Como ele trabalhou programando algoritmos de inteligência artificial, pode falar como poucos sobre reconhecimento de padrões e aprendizado orientado a isso. É um bom livro para essa interface entre cérebro e tecnologia que deve ser cada vez mais comum.

    12. I had always dismissed Kurzweil's theories about "strong" artificial intelligence to be wishful thinking but this book changed my mind. I'm not quite as optimistic about scaling things up to human adult levels, but reading this book gave me new found respect for his ideas and the evidence and theories he uses to back them up. I had no idea how powerful "hidden Markov models" are for solving problems, and Kurzweil makes a good argument that neocortical pattern recognition (essentially a form of p [...]

    13. I consider myself a singularity skeptic, and I'm definitely not convinced by Kurzweil's so-called "Law of Accelerating Returns", but starry-eyed idealism about the future aside, this book is quite well-reasoned and well-argued. I've seen firsthand how deep learning applications can deliver some pretty amazing results, and it's hardly a stretch to say that can only get better faster as long as Moore's Law holds (which could end tomorrow or a century from now).But honestly what surprised me the mo [...]

    14. As my friends well know, a great deal of my neocortex is dedicated to pattern recognition in search of ways to prevent the robot apocalypse. Kurzweil paints a bright picture over a frightening future where humans and computer minds blur and robots overtake the world. When the Kurzweiltron 3000 (controlled by a copy of Ray's consciousness) has been destroyed and I stand on top of a pile of mangled rivets and torn metal, I'll rip the neocortex extender out of my forehead (allowing my amygdala let [...]

    15. This was a fascinating book.I've never thought about combining a biological examination of the neocortex, the study of language recognition (and speech recognition), the development of Artificial Intelligence, and a dive into some of the trickier questions of consciousness, free will, and identity.Yet, that is exactly what Kurzweil does in this book.His arguments regarding the functioning of the human mind, and our attempts to mimic and improve upon those processes are compelling, even if at the [...]

    16. A computer can recall facts and figures, organize, correlate, and calculate with a speed and accuracy that leaves mere humans in the dust, yet is almost helpless in dealing with nuances of language, gesture, perception, motion, and emotion which we accomplish without even noticing ourselves doing it. This book describes current theory about how the brain functions cognitively, and how a computer might be designed to mimic its operation and abilities while doing away with the brain’s shortcomin [...]

    17. In How to Create a Mind, Ray Kurzweil argues that the human mind is composed of hierarchy of pattern recognizer that uses a statistical model to learn, store, and retrieve information. He then goes on to argue about how this model can be used to develop artificially intelligent machines. He argues that in fact huge strides have been made towards this goal in such machines as Watson (the computer that handily defeated Ken Jennings at Jeopardy!)This may seem dry, but this book has engaged my imagi [...]

    18. This book covers topics like reverse engineering of brain, Hierarchical Hidden Markov Models(HHMM), Pattern Recognition Theory of Mind(PRTM), Consciousness and relevant philosophies, The Law Of Accelerating Returns(LOAR) and at last Kurzweil's mind-boggling predictions for upcoming 3 decades. My favorite topics were PRTM and LOAR, I enjoyed it so much that I had to give 5 stars to this book. Frankly, some consciousness related philosophies went over my head but I'll try to re-read it later. :PRa [...]

    19. Initially, I was both curious and entertained by the prospect and the future ramifications of uploading human consciousness into a computer. As the book went on, Kurzweil dug deeeper into the working brain at an evermore abstract, complicated and very confusing way, to try to dumb down and simplify how the human brain works. This is where the book breaks down. The material gets repetitive and twisted within its own complexities, to the point of misunderstanding and boredom. I was fine with the f [...]

    20. I have read the book two times.Once in 2015 and the second time this year.Although I was excited at first, now I feel that it could be more structured.While you can omit parts of the book without losing any essential data, other parts could be elaborated.But still, I give the book four stars as it is insightful enough to read it twice and do not feel any regret.I have published a collection of insightful excerpts from the bookon my personal blog.

    21. I think this is one of Kurzweil's more interesting and well constructed books. Covering the same basic ideas of transhumanism and the singularity but adding in a lot more real word examples of how his technologies are actually making a difference already.His points about "intelligent" algorithms and evolutionary programming is far easier to digest than the massive futurist sections of "The Singularity is Near".Definitely his best work since The Age of Spiritual Machines even if it is covering a [...]

    22. The thing about fiction is that I accept errors or lack of reference as long as the story is interesting. In nonfiction, I need all of those elements there. So, when you're completely ripping off Plato, maybe you should give him a hat tip (and not just vaguely 100 pages later about an entirely different topic).

    23. Overall, I agree with Ray Kurzweil's thesis and predictions. There are a few chapters that are 5 stars and a few that are 1 stars for me. If you are interested in consciousness and want to have a dose of futuristic optimism, give it a read.

    24. I'm always on the lookout for new discoveries in the neuroscience field and to understand and learn more about the synergy of the  human mind, brain and consciousness  and this book by Ray Kurzweil, one of the leading figures in Artificial Intelligence, proved to be quite enlightening in this regard.I have a lot of notes and Kindle highlights on this book and here are some of them:There are no images, videos, or sound recordings stored in the brain. Our memories are stored as sequences of patt [...]

    25. All philosphy is merely a critique of the technology of language. Again! I keep picking books that redefine the boundaries of my understanding. Between the Inevitable by Kelly, and Drive by Pink they talked about finding a Heuristic. The question that question that does not have answers. A question that continually feeds. A question that only gets more interesting and complex as it is approached from different angles. “What are the connections between the informations systems nature has sele [...]

    26. In this book, Kurzweil develops what he calls a Pattern Recognition Theory of Mind (PRTM). He argues that the human neocortex is actually far less complex than one might think. Citing Vernon Mountcastle's work in 1957, Kurzweil describes the neocortex as having a "remarkably unvarying organization composed of a single mechanism that [is] repeated over and over again" (p. 36). According to the PRTM, the neocortex consists of around 300 million pattern processors that are, in turn, composed of ar [...]

    27. Just finished the book and even though I enjoyed most of it, it's not quite what I was expecting at first.The book starts by offering an overview of the biological brain and briefly describes some attempts towards replicating its structure/functions inside the computer. He gives a short outline of how his HHHMM (Hierarchical Hidden Markov Models) has made his speech recognition software so successful. Some chapters are spent going back and forth trying to prove how an artificially created 'mind' [...]

    28. Definitely, a great introduction to Neuroscience and Future Studies for people with Computer Science background. Ray Kurzweil is a true Man of Renaissance. His arguments are really well-thought through and, even if can't be proven now or will never to proven right, are for sure very inspiring and thought-provoking.

    29. Fascinating! Totally changes the way I think about cognition, both in humans and in "AI". Also makes me think about inherent bias bring rooted in our basic thought process because we're trying to complete the pattern we think we recognize.

    30. Second to last chapter on rebuttals was a bit self serving and didn't flow well, mostly rebutted arguments against his previous books (which I haven't read).

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