Joseph Priestley Joseph Priestley FRS p r i s t l i March O.S March February was an th century English Separatist theologian, natural philosopher, chemist, innovative grammarian, multi subject educator, and liberal political theorist who published over works He has historically been credited with the discovery of oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state Joseph Priestley English clergyman and scientist Joseph Priestley Joseph Priestley, English clergyman, political theorist, and physical scientist whose work contributed to advances in liberal political and religious thought and in experimental chemistry He is best remembered for his contribution to the chemistry of gases Priestley List of liberal theorists Individual contributors to classical liberalism and political liberalism are associated with philosophers of the Enlightenment.Liberalism as a specifically named ideology begins in the late th century as a movement towards self government and away from aristocracy.It included the ideas of self determination, the primacy of the individual and the nation, as opposed to the state and religion The Invention of Air Steven Bestselling author Steven Johnson recounts in dazzling, multidisciplinary fashion the story of the brilliant man who embodied the relationship between science, religion, and politics for America s Founding Fathers. Niccol Machiavelli Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Biography Relatively little is known for certain about Machiavelli s early life in comparison with many important figures of the Italian Renaissance the following section draws on Capponi and Vivanti He was born May in Florence and at a young age became a pupil of a renowned Latin teacher, Paolo da Ronciglione. Browse By Author P Project Gutenberg free ebooks online Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof reading just one page a day Go to Distributed Proofreaders George Orwell What is Fascism Of all the unanswered questions of our time, perhaps the most important is What is Fascism One of the social survey organizations in America recently asked this question of a hundred different people, and got answers ranging from pure democracy to pure diabolism. Enlightenment The Age of World history The th Century proudly referred to itself as the Age of Enlightenment and rightfully so, for Europe had dwelled in the dim glow of the Middle Ages when suddenly the lights began to come on in men s minds and humankind moved forward. The Works of John Adams, vol Letters Online Library of Liberty A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Essays on Early th Century English Literature These essays are not intended to replace library research They are here to show you what others think about a given subject, and to perhaps spark an interest or an idea in you.