Memory and the Human Lifespan

Memory and the Human Lifespan Memory and the Human Lifespan are twenty four lectures by Professor Steve Joordens of the University of Toronto Scarborough who has been repeatedly honored as both teacher and researcher The lectures

  • Title: Memory and the Human Lifespan
  • Author: Steve Joordens
  • ISBN: null
  • Page: 382
  • Format: Audio CD
  • Memory and the Human Lifespan are twenty four lectures by Professor Steve Joordens of the University of Toronto Scarborough, who has been repeatedly honored as both teacher and researcher The lectures lead a startling voyage into the human mind, explaining not only how the various aspects of your memory operate, but the impact memory has on your daily experience of life Memory and the Human Lifespan are twenty four lectures by Professor Steve Joordens of the University of Toronto Scarborough, who has been repeatedly honored as both teacher and researcher The lectures lead a startling voyage into the human mind, explaining not only how the various aspects of your memory operate, but the impact memory has on your daily experience of life.The various memory systems provide the continuity of consciousness that allows the concept of you to make sense, creating the ongoing narrative that makes your life truly yours Without those systems and the overall experience of memory they make possible, you would have no context for the most crucial decisions of your life You would have to make without the benefit of experience and knowledge the decisions that determine not only your quality of life, but your very survival And your ability to learn, or even to form the personality that makes you unique, would similarly be set adrift.Course Lecture Titles24 Lectures, 30 minutes per lecture 1.Memory Is a PartyUsing the metaphor of a party whose guests include the different components of the complex interactions that make up memory, Professor Joordens introduces you to several kinds of memory including episodic, semantic, and procedural to arrive at an initial understanding of the variety of processes at work in human memory 2 The Ancient Art of Memory Techniques to embed and retrieve memories easily so called mnemonic strategies date back at least to classical Greece See how one such technique the Method of Loci can help improve the episodic memory you depend on to recall a group of items such as grocery or to do lists.3 Rote Memorization and a Science of ForgettingIs a mnemonic strategy always the most useful Examine rote memorization and how it differs from mnemonics Also, get an introduction to the work of Hermann Ebbinghaus, whose 19th century experiments in remembering and forgetting marked the first scientific examination of memory.4 Sensory Memory Brief Traces of the PastBegin a deeper discussion of the different kinds of memory, beginning with sensory memory and how its brief retentive power lets you switch from one stimulus to another and even gives you your sense of the present moment Here, the focus is on iconic or visual memory and its auditory counterpart, echoic memory.5 The Conveyor Belt of Working MemoryPlunge into the mental processes that allow you to work with information, often with the goal of solving a problem You learn that these processes can also be used to keep information briefly in mind, though they require effort and are prone to interference.6 Encoding Our Gateway into Long Term MemoryHow does information make its way from your temporary working memory into long term memory so you can access it again when you need it This introduction to encoding explains the process and offers useful tips for improving your own recall.7 Episodic and Semantic Long Term MemoryStrengthen your grasp of how these two key memory systems function You explore the relationship between them with analogies that range from the job requirements of London taxi drivers to the famed holo deck of the Star Trek television series.8 The Secret Passage Implicit MemoryEncounter still another category of memory a way in which your experiences can enter long term memory without the kind of effortful encoding discussed earlier You learn why this sort of memory creation is vitally important, yet also unreliable as a substitute for conscious effort.9 From Procedural Memory to HabitIn this lecture, you see that your memory for procedures is useful not only in the muscle memory of physical skills, but also in cognitive processes Also, learn about constructivist learning, in which the explicit structure of a procedure which is usually taught verbally instead is learned implicitly during exploratory practice.10 When Memory Systems Battle Habits vs GoalsWhat happens when implicit or procedural memories become so powerful they seize control In this examination of the tenacity of habits, learn how and why habits are formed and what steps might be useful in changing them, or at least regaining control.11 Sleep and the Consolidation of MemoriesDoes sleep play a role in strengthening memories of your experiences during the day Gain a sense of the latest research about a subject that is difficult to study as you explore the relationship between sleep and memory, including the possible link between specific sleep stages and specific kinds of memory.12 Infant and Early Childhood MemoryHow does the maturation of memory fit into a child s overall brain development Gain invaluable and surprising insights into the month by month and year by year development of a child s capacity for memory, beginning in the womb and continuing on with its dramatic development after entry into the world.13 Animal Cognition and MemoryDoes an elephant really never forget Expand your study of memory to investigate the extent to which the mysterious abilities of humans may also exist in animals and, if so, how they might differ from our own.14 Mapping Memory in the BrainAlmost two decades since its revolutionary appearance, fMRI functional magnetic resonance imaging is allowing researchers to watch the living human brain at work, with no harm or discomfort to the subject Explore what happens in several areas of the brain as memories are created or retrieved.15 Neural Network ModelsCan computer models mimic the operations of the human brain Examine the use of neural network modeling, in which biologically inspired models posited by researchers in cognitive neuroscience are advancing our understanding of just how those operations take place.16 Learning from Brain Damage and AmnesiasLeave the world of computers for that of neuropsychology as you focus on the life situations of several patients who have suffered some form of brain injury You learn how damage to different areas of the brain can have dramatically different impacts on memory and how these patients experience the world.17 The Many Challenges of Alzheimer s DiseaseIn a lecture that explores one of our most frightening diseases from both the caregiver s and sufferer s perspectives, learn how Alzheimer s progresses, how that progression may be forestalled, and ways in which technology may be able to help through the emerging field of cognitive prosthetics 18 That Powerful Glow of Warm FamiliarityWhy does something familiar to us actually feel that way Discover the sources of familiarity as you are introduced to the concepts of perceptual fluency and prototypes, and explore some surprising ways that those feelings of familiarity can trump other considerations.19 D j Vu and the Illusion of MemoryIs d j vu simply an illusion of memory If so, can we learn about memory by trying to understand how this common phenomenon comes about Examine some of the theories that have 20 Recovered Memories or False Memories Is episodic memory subject to the same pitfalls as misattributed feelings of familiarity Can we remember things that never took place with the same intensity and certainty as those that did Gain new insights into what is at stake when long forgotten memories resurface.21 Mind the Gaps Memory as ReconstructionMetaphors for memory usually reference information storehouses of some kind, such as library stacks or computer hard drives, from which episodic memories are retrieved Learn about the extent to which we actually construct our memories anew each time we summon them and how this explains common memory errors.22 How We Choose What s Important to RememberDoes our brain always make decisions for us about which aspects of our experience to encode for later recall, or can we influence that process ourselves Learn potentially powerful techniques for influencing the shape of future memories.23 Aging, Memory, and Cognitive TransitionApply a reality check to the popularly held belief that memory naturally declines as we age Learn what happened when a researcher corrected for the age related variables long ignored by traditional testers and what conclusions we can draw about what lies ahead for us as we grow older.24 The Monster at the End of the BookContemplate the significance of what you ve learned, with special attention to the common question of whether you can improve your episodic memory remembering what you want to recall, forgetting what you d rather not, and making choices about how to achieve a balance.

    One thought on “Memory and the Human Lifespan”

    1. What can I say? Professor Joordens stole my heart again. His book and courses are well expressed and lovely. I started getting interested in psychology as a discipline​ by his introduction to psychology course on Coursera. And since then, he never disappointed me on my expectation to be dazzled by his great representation of information that looks as though they are basic, but end up as a life changing experience, different to specific needs of any.

    2. These twenty-four lectures begin with a summary description of the processes at work in human "memory" by defining episodic, semantic and procedural memory. It was interesting to compare the descriptions of these components of memory with my own experiences of dealing with my own memory or lack of memory. After a couple lectures covering strategies to improve memory and discussion of rote memorization and the science of forgetting the lectures proceed to a deeper discussion of the different kind [...]

    3. A fascinating topic as ever. The course is well structured and informative, but at an introductory level. Having read other books on memory recently, much of the material is still fresh in my mind and is therefore probably swaying my assessment of the material as introductory, but nonetheless I did wish Joordens would occasionally venture deeper with opinionated asides on the most progressive ideas, at least to stimulate further thought outside of common theory. Overall I'd highly recommend the [...]

    4. Joordens is an engaging lecturer, and the course — pitched at a freshman level, just right for me on this topic — was really interesting. The main takeaway is that we have several different systems for memory. Some of the most important are working (or short-term) memory; semantic memory, which holds facts about the world; episodic memory, which is what we usually mean by "memory", and which holds long term memories about events; and procedural memory, which is where learned muscle coordinat [...]

    5. A surprisingly wide-ranging exploration of a topic I didn't know enough, going in, to suspect of being so deep. I learned about the various types of memory, how memory gets encoded, and the way we use our working memory to solve problems. Also talks about problems with memory, and ways you can improve your encoding. Touches on a lot of other psychology and neuroscience. Good stuff!

    6. Great content, especially for someone who often ponders about memory and its diversity. I especially enjoyed the chapters about the reconstructive memory & false memories, and the last concluding chapter about whether and how do we want to improve our memory/memories.

    7. For those interested in an introduction to mnemonic theories and a glimpse into how we study human memory for inspiration into how machine learning evolves I think that this is a very good book. What I would say is that I think that the written version may be better than the audiobook version since much of the first few chapters provides examples of memory tests and for me this would be easier to memorize from the written word.

    8. Fantastic! One of the best Great Courses I've ever listened to. This lecturer is superb. He is well-organized, funny, enthusiastic, intelligent and thoughtful and completely likeable.I feel like a better person for having listened to this on several levels. Looking forward to hearing it again in a year or two. This is truly 5 stars.

    9. very well structured and presented in a very engaging manner. I feel that, while I will not remember a large percentage of what was covered, I know substantially more than before. I will very, ver likely go through this material again

    10. as always, these courses are well worth listening to learning as a reliable source i GREATLY appreciate these audio classes

    11. This is a great lecture series about how memory works and how to improve it, with lots of real world examples and academic research.

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