Azerbaijan Azerbaijan z r b a d n AZ r by JAHN Azerbaijani Az rbaycan z b j d n , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Az rbaycan Respublikas z b j d n espublik s , is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east Middle East Azerbaijan The World Factbook Central Baku is Azerbaijan s major city, and the oil capital of the Caspian region This photo shows details of the city, including the extensive port facilities, and part Georgia A Political History since Independence Stephen F Georgia A Political History since Independence Stephen F Jones on FREE shipping on qualifying offers Georgia emerged from the fall of the Soviet empire in with the promise of swift economic and democratic reform But that promise remains unfulfilled Economic collapse Azerbaijan Democratic Republic The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic ADR Azerbaijani Az rbaycan Demokratik Respublikas , also known as Azerbaijan People s Republic Azerbaijani Az rbaycan Xalq Cmhuriyy ti or Caucasus Azerbaijan in diplomatic documents, was the third democratic republic in the Turkic world and Muslim world, after the Crimean People s Republic and Idel Ural Republic. Azerbaijan History, People, Facts Britannica Azerbaijan was an independent nation from to but was then incorporated into the Soviet Union It became a constituent union republic in Azerbaijan declared sovereignty on September , , and independence on August , . The land Culture of Azerbaijan history, people, traditions, women Orientation Identification Two theories are cited for the etymology of the name Azerbaijan First, land of fire azer , meaning fire, refers to the natural burning of surface oil deposits or to the oil fueled fires in temples of the Zoroastrian religion second, Atropaten is an ancient name of the region Atropat was a governor of Alexander the Great in the fourth century B.C Nagorno Karabakh profile BBC News The landlocked mountainous region of Nagorno Karabakh is the subject of an unresolved dispute between Azerbaijan, in which it lies, and its ethnic Armenian majority, backed by neighbouring Armenia Russia s New Thinking Towards Armenia And Azerbaijan An While there are a host of differences between the two states, the one that Russia is beginning to care the most about nowadays is how Armenia is standing in the way of Moscow s Great Power engagement with the Ummah while Azerbaijan is doing everything it can to facilitate it. Azerbaijan Population Demographics, Maps, Graphs Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union in , before the dissolution of the USSR A huge oil boom in the country led to international investment, and by the start of the th century, the country was supplying half of the world s oil. Azerbaijan Education, Health, and Welfare Country Studies Azerbaijan Table of Contents When the Soviet Union crumbled, Azerbaijan, like other former Soviet republics, was forced to end its reliance upon the uniform, centralized system of social supports that had been administered from Moscow.