Ataturk: An Intellectual Biography

Ataturk An Intellectual Biography When Mustafa Kemal Ataturk became the first president of Turkey in he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science and by the personality cu

  • Title: Ataturk: An Intellectual Biography
  • Author: M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
  • ISBN: 9780691151090
  • Page: 500
  • Format: Hardcover
  • When Mustafa Kemal Ataturk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science and by the personality cult Ataturk created around himself would reign supreme as the new religion This book provides the first in depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic s founWhen Mustafa Kemal Ataturk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science and by the personality cult Ataturk created around himself would reign supreme as the new religion This book provides the first in depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic s founder In doing so, it frames him within the historical context of the turbulent age in which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the late Ottoman imperial order to the modern Turkish state through his life and ideas Shedding light on one of the most complex and enigmatic statesmen of the modern era, M Sukru Hanioglu takes readers from Ataturk s youth as a Muslim boy in the volatile ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his education in nonreligious and military schools, to his embrace of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing Young Turks movement Who was this figure who sought glory as an ambitious young officer in World War I, defied the victorious Allies intent on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the last sultan Hanioglu charts Ataturk s intellectual and ideological development at every stage of his life, demonstrating how he was profoundly influenced by the new ideas that were circulating in the sprawling Ottoman realm He shows how Ataturk drew on a unique mix of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and other theories to fashion a grand utopian framework on which to build his new nation.

    One thought on “Ataturk: An Intellectual Biography”

    1. The abrupt transformation of the traditional world of the Ottomans into the modern one of the Turkish Republic is one of many such transformations that occurred in 20th century Asia. Ataturk was the prime mover of this break with the past in the Muslim world. Following his successful prosecution of the Turkish War of Independence, he was afforded a tabula rasa on which to create an entirely new vision of society.But Ataturk's unimpeachable military record contrasts with his very mixed legacy as [...]

    2. Une excellente surprise! J'ai pris cette biographie un peu au hasard en cherchant des infos sur Mustafa Kemal. L'objet de l'ouvrage n'est pas de casser le mythe d'Atatürk mais plutôt de remettre le personnage dans son contexte politique, social et intellectuel. L'auteur retrace par ordre chronologique les influences intellectuelles européennes ou non, ses expériences politiques, militaires (notamment sur le destin de la Salonnique, du Comité Union et Progrès). L'ensemble du personnage pren [...]

    3. This book about Atatürk was different than the other books on his subject which are usually about the historical Mustafa Kemal Atatürk or the other category written from religious backgrounds demonizing him. It will also not fall in the category of the official or academic works turning him into sort of an icon/idol.The book will show Mustafa Kemal in contextual manner starting from birth in late Ottoman Salonica, his upbringing, his education, his Ottoman military/political career until the e [...]

    4. Like all the biographies I have read, so is this one: they manage to create an atmosphere of melancholy (they usually remind me Paul Nizan's futility in Antoine Bloye!).Ataturk is one of the special individuals and great politicians of modern history, and, of course, many myths surround his figure. In this book, the author wants us to see this military and political man demystified, to follow his ideas, to see inside the books that he read, to note his marginal notes and create a new image, the [...]

    5. Excellent book, very well written and constructed. The life of Atatürk shows that it is after all possible, to transform large, backward country into modern society, and sustain such drastic transformation, despite all odds. The thing is that is not too many Atatürks lately… if ever.

    6. A worthwhile look into the intellectual (and often pseudo intellectual) influences of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, charting historical, demographic, educational factors which worked to shape his long-lived legacy in Turkey and the wider world.I found the information regarding Atatürk's relationship with religion quite useful and also found myself mostly agreeing with Şükrü Hanioğlu's approach to Mustafa Kemal's larger-than-life persona; rather than repeating the domestic refrain of Atatürk's su [...]

    7. Kitabın amacı Atatürk'ün hayatını incelemekten ziyade Atatürk'le ilgili oluşmuş tek adam kültünü yıkmak. Dolayısıyla kitapta sürekli tekrar eden Atatürk bir ideolog değildi, fikirleri ve devrimleri orijinal değildi, Atatürk bir filozof değildi vb ifadeler bulmak mümkün. Yazarın Söylediklerinin büyük kısmına katılmakla beraber bence kitabın amacı Atatürk'ün mitleşen yüzünün ne kadar saçma olduğunu göstermek değil tam tersine bakir bir alan olan Atatürk' [...]

    8. I have long been a fan of Mango's biography but recently I wanted something more focused on the intellectual roots rather than the life story of Ataturks political theory and practice. This book fit the bill. Well balanced, even keel, and neither fawning nor overtly critical-it helped me flesh out the background of one of my favorite 20th century figures.

    9. + Credibly summarises the most important Topics that occupied Atatürk+ Some historical background for the time before him (Osman Empire) is given- Atatürk as a person and how he developed is barely covered. Specially after his rise to power this topic is totally ignored by the author- The book is not chronological and often gets lost in details that are not important for the reader.- The book is repetitive- The book does not at all talk about what happened after Atatürk died. I wanted to read [...]

    10. If you have read some Turkish history, this book is a great way to understand the thinking underlying the politics and society when Turkey became a nation. Prior to the 1920s, Turks did not regard themselves as 'Turkish'. They were Anatolians (Eastern Turkey) or Rumelians (Western), neatly divided by the Bosphorus. This book gives me a better understanding of current events and the people of the Middle East. I didn't even know that Rumelia existed--it is the Western part of the former Ottoman Em [...]

    11. This book is part biography of Ataturk, and part analysis of his thought, the influences of early 20th century culture upon him, and part on his influence on modern Turkey. Although clearly a scholarly work, the book is readable for a general audience. He does a good job of systematically and dispassionately describing Ataturk's place in history. He also describes how Ataturk's thought fits in to nationalist thought of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and how scientific and pseudo-scientific i [...]

    12. A Solid Academic BiographyThis is a short, well-written and researched intellectual biography of Mustafa Kemal, better known as Ataturk (literally "Father Turk"). He was a well-educated, probably but privately atheist, military leader who repelled a foolhardy British Invasion and created Turkey from the ashes of the Ottoman Empire in 1923. He then transformed Turkey from an Near Eastern Islamic backwater into a modern, almost-but-not-quite European, secular state. Sadly, Erdoğan and his Islamis [...]

    13. An indispensable read for anyone interested in Ataturk or the founding of the Turkish Republic. The author does an excellent job putting present day Turkey into context. This quote sums it up best: "Although he was later idealized as a mythical harbinger of change, it is imperative to realize that Mustafa Kemal emerged from within a specific social milieu[] Many of the radical ideas destined to become central planks in his reform program were widely held in intellectual circles at the turn of th [...]

    14. The author masterfully interprets Kemal's military and political careers through the lens of the his intellectual evolution, as he absorbed a broad range of ideas from Western Europe at the turn of the 20th century. Particularly fascinating is the author's analysis of Kemal's establishment of the first secular state in the region.

    15. This is a well written, concise book that provides a good overview of the influences and out workings of Ataturk's thinking that is accessible to a reader with only high level knowledge of Turkish history.

    16. Outstanding. One of the most thought provoking biographies I've read. For a man of such grand stature, very little diversity is available in regards to his personal life. This absolutely shatters anything I've read about him before. Simply fantastic.

    17. Book is about influences and work of Mustafa Kemal, the founder of Turkey. This book does not get into his personal life. Net result is somewhat impersonal, but short and effective biography. A different style of biography than others i have read. I found it a refreshing change.

    18. Very pleasurable read, to understand Ataturk's ideas, and how they were influenced from European ideals, forming the Turkish state.

    19. Really an eye-opening portrait of the real Ataturk in his time, a human that helped modernise Turkey, not the demi-god of his common mythological representation.

    20. Pretty much what the title says. Makes the case that Ataturk's ideas weren't that original and describes how he picked them up from the intellectual movements at the time.

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